Image: “OH!” by Barbara Caruso & bpNichol.
[Toronto, Seripress, approx. 8 august 1971. 13 copies] signed in black pencil rear by Caruso.  
16 x 12, ivory kraft card broadside printed grey, umber, olive green & dark mauve silkscreen.

Working Document: Full-length editions of concrete poetry by Canadian poets, 1965-2020

Note: This list idiosyncratically represents “full-length” (mostly perfect-bound) editions of Concrete poetry by Canadian poets. Not included are small press editions (i.e. chapbooks, leaflets; though some exceptions are made for key/influential editions) nor books that include some concrete but are primarily text-based writing. Links are provided where texts are available online. I am open to suggested additions via email at derek@housepress.ca.

1964

Coupey, Pierre. “The Alphabet of Blood.” Delta. (December, 1964) [special note should be made of this magazine appearance as an early, and highly influential, progenitor of Concrete poetry in Canada, despite the fact that it is outside the scope of this list]

1965

bissett, bill. We Sleep Inside Each Other All. (Ganglia, 1965)

Nichol, bp. Cycles, etc. (7 flowers press, 1965)

Thibaudeau, Colleen. Lozenges: Poems in the Shapes of Things. (alphabet press, 1965)  

1966

bissett, bill. Th Jinx ship and othr trips: pomes, drawings, collage. (blewointment, 1966)

Itter, Carole. Word Work. (Intermedia Press, 1966)

1967

Aylward, David. Type Scapes. (Coach House Press, 1967)

bissett, bill. Th gossamer bed pan. (blewointment, 1967)

bissett, bill. Lebanon voices. (weed/flower, 1967)

bissett, bill. Where is Miss Florence Riddle? (blewointment / fleye, 1967)

bissett, bill. What Poetiks. (blewointment, 1967)

Copithorne, Judith. Meandering. (Returning Press, 1967)

Nichol, bp. Konfessions of an Elizabethan Fan Dancer. (Writers Forum, 1967)

Nichol, bp. bp. (Coach House Press, 1967)

1968

Aylward, David. The War Against the Asps or The Serpent Problem. (Ganglia, 1968)

bissett, bill. Awake in the Red Desert: A Recorded Book. (Talonbooks / SeeHear Productions, 1968)

bissett, bill. Of the land divine service: poems. (weed/flower, 1968)

bissett, bill. sunday work. (blewointmentpress. 1968)

1969

Birney, Earle. pnomes jukollages & other stunzas. (Ganglia, 1969)

bissett, bill. Liberating skies. (blewointment, 1969)

bissett, bill. The Lost Angel Mining Co. (blewointment, 1969)

Copithorne, Judith. Release. (Bau-Xi, 1969)

Copithorne, Judith. Rain. (grOnk, 1969)

Mayne, Seymour. Manimals. (Very Stone Press, 1969)

McCaffery, Steve. Six Concrete Poems. (grOnk, 1969)

McCaffery, Steve. Ground Plans for a Speaking City. (Anonbeyond Press, 1969)

Nichol, bp. Konfessions of an Elizabethan Fan Dancer. (Writers Forum, 1969)

Riddell. John. Pope Leo, El ELoPE: A Tragedy in Four Letters. (Ganglia, 1969)

Varney, Ed et al. Concrete Poetry: An Exhibition in Four Parts. (University of British Columbia, 1969)

1970

bissett, bill. S th story I to: trew adventure (blewointment, 1970)

bissett, bill. Tuff shit. (bandit, 1970)

Copithorne, Judith. Runes. (Coach House Press / Intermedia, 1970)

McCaffery, Steve. Melons. (grOnk, 1970)

McCaffery, Steve. Transitions to the Beast: Post-Semiotic Poetry (Ganglia, 1970)

Nichol, bp. Still Water. (Talonbooks, 1970)

Nichol, bp, ed. The Cosmic Chef: An Evening of Concrete. (Oberon, 1970)

Riddell. John. untitled. (grOnk, 1970)

1971

bissett, bill. Blew trewz. (blewointment, 1971)

bissett, bill. Dragon fly. (weed/flower, 1971)

bissett, bill. Drifting into war. (Talonbooks, 1971)

bissett, bill. Nobody owns th earth. (House of Anansi, 1971)

Clinton, Martina. Yonder Glow. (blewointment, 1971)

Clinton, Martina. Something in. (Ganglia Press, 1971)

Columbo. John Robert, ed. New Directions in Canadian Poetry. (Holt, Rinehart And Winston, 1971)

McCaffery, Steve and bpNichol. Parallel Texts. (Anonbeyond Press, 1971)

McCaffery, Steve. Maps: A Different Landscape. (grOnk, 1971)

McCaffery, Steve and bpNichol. Collborations. (grOnk, 1971)

Nichol, bp. ABC: The Aleph Beth Book. (Oberon Press, 1971)

1972

Birney, Earle, bill bissett, Judith Copithorne, and Andy Suknaski. Four Parts Sand: Concrete Poems. (Oberon Press, 1972)

bissett, bill. Air 10-11-12. (Air Press, 1972)

bissett, bill. IBM: saga uv th relees uv human spirit from compuewterr funckshums. (blewointment, 1972)

bissett, bill. Th ice bag (th high green hill, polar bear hunt, words in th fire). (blewointment, 1972)

bissett, bill. Pomes for Yoshi. (blewointment, 1972)

bissett, bill. RUSH: What Fuckan Theory; a study uv language. (blewointment / Ganglia, 1972)

1973

Basmajian, Shaunt. Quote Unquote. (Old Nun, 1973)

bissett, bill. Th first sufi line. (blewointment, 1973)

bissett, bill. pass the food releas th spirit book. (Talonbooks, 1973)

Copithorne, Judith. Arrangements. (Intermedia, 1973)

McCaffery, Steve. Carnival: The First Panel; 1967-70. (Coach House Press, 1973)

Nichol, bp. Konfessions of an Elizabethan Fan Dancer. (Ganglia, 1973)

Nichol, bp. The Adventures of Milt the Morph in Colour. (Seripress, 1973)

Nichol, bp. Aleph Unit. (Seripress, 1973)

Nichol, bp. Unit of Four. (Seripress, 1973)

Scobie, Stephen. Stone poems. (Talonbooks, 1973)

1974

bissett, bill. Vancouver Mainland Ice and Cold Storage. (Writer’s Forum, 1974)

bissett, bill. Living with the vishyun. (new star, 1974)

bissett, bill. Medicine my mouth’s on fire. (Oberon, 1974)

bissett, bill. Space travl. (Air, 1974)

bissett, bill. What. (blewointment, 1974)

bissett, bill. Yu can eat it at th opening. (blewointment, 1974)

Broudy, Hart. A book of a. (blewointment, 1974)

McCaffery, Steve. Broken Mandala. (grOnk, 1974)

Nichol, bp. Love: a book of remembrances. (Talonbooks, 1974)

1975

bissett, bill. image being. (blewointment, 1975)

bissett, bill. stardust. (blewointment, 1975)

bissett, bill. th fifth sun. (blewointment, 1975)

bissett, bill. venus. (blewointment, 1975)

McCaffery, Steve and Steven Ross Smith. Edge. (Anonbeyond, 1975)

Wah, Fred. Pictograms from the Interior of BC. (Talonbooks, 1975)

1976

Truhlar, Richard and John Riddell. Priapus Arched and Morox. (Phenomenon, 1976)

bissett, bill. an allusyn to macbeth. (Black Moss, 1976)

bissett, bill. plutonium missing. (Intermedia, 1976)

bissett, bill. th wind up tongue. (blewointment, 1976)

McCaffery, Steve. Shifters. (grOnk, 1976)

Nichol, bp. H: An Excursion. (Seripress, 1976)

Schafer, R. Murray. Smoke: a novel. (grOnk, 1976)

1977

bissett, bill. Pomes for Yoshi. (Talonbooks, 1977)

McCaffery, Steve. Carnival: The Second Panel, 1970-1975. (Coach House Press, 1977)

Riddell, John. Criss-cross: a Text book of Modern Composition. (Coach House Press, 1977)

Whyte, Jon. Open Spaces. (Peter Whyte Gallery, 1977)

1978

bissett, bill. Sailor. (Talonbooks, 1978)

Broudy, Hart. Soundings. (Porcepic, 1978)

O’Huigin, Sean. The inks and the pencils and the looking back. (Coach House Press, 1978)

O’Huigin, Sean. Poe[tree]: A Simple Introduction to Experimental Poetry. (Black Moss Press, 1978)

Nichol, bp. Alphhabet/Ilphabet. (Seripress, 1978)

Nichol, bp. From My Window. (Seripress, 1978)

Truhlar, Richard. Ten Portraits Of Mimaroglu. (Kontakte / Phenomenon Press, 1978)

1979

Nichol, bp. Love Affair. (Seripress, 1979)

Nichol, bp. Movies. (Seripress, 1979)

bpNichol. DOORS: To Oz & Other Landscapes. (grOnk, 1979)

Nichol, bp. Translating Translating Apollinaire: A Preliminary Report. (Membrane, 1979)

Zeller, Ludwig. Alphacollage. (Porcupine’s Quill, 1979)

1980

Basmajian, Shaunt. Boundaries, Limits & Space. (Underwhich, 1980)

bissett, bill. Selected poems: beyond even faithful legends. (Talonbooks, 1980)

bissett, bill. Sa n th monkey. (blewointment, 1980)

bissett, bill. Soul arrow. (blewointment, 1980)

Gorman, LeRoy. Whose Smile The Ripple Warps. (Underwhich, 1980)

Nichol, bp. As Elected: a selected. (Talonbooks, 1980)

Nichol, bp. Sharp Facts: Selections from TTA 26. (Membrane, 1980)

Riddell, John. Transitions. (Aya, 1980)

1981

bissett, bill. Northern birds in color. (Talonbooks, 1981)

bissett, bill. Sa n his crystal ball. (blewointment, 1981)

Nichol, bp. Of Lines: Some Drawings. (Underwhich, 1981)

Nichol, bp. Extreme Positions. (Longspoon, 1981)

1982

bissett, bill. parlant. (Trans. Bertrand Lachance) (Editions blewointment, 1982)

Zend, Robert. Arbormundi: 16 Selected Typescapes. (blewointment, 1982)

1983

bissett, bill. Seagull on Yonge Street. (Talonbooks, 1983)

bissett, bill. Ready for framing. (blewointment, 1983)

bissett, bill. Write me an adventure. (grOnk, 1983)

Zend, Robert. Oab 1. (Exile, 1983)

1984

bissett, bill. Fires in th tempul. (Vancouver Art Gallery, 1984)

Nichol, bp. First Screening: Computer Poems. (Red Deer, 1984)

1985

bissett, bill. Canada gees mate for life. (Talonbooks, 1985)

curry, jw and Michael Dean, eds. HEADS & H&Z. (Underwhich, 1985)

Nichol, bp. Zygal. (Coach House Press, 1985)

Zend, Robert. Oab 2. (Exile, 1985)

1986

Collette, Jean Yves. Carre de Contrainte. (la nouvelle barre du jour, 1986)

1987

Basmajian, Shaunt. Biased Analogies. (Anthos, 1987)

bissett, bill. Animal uproar. (Talonbooks, 1987)

Henderson, Brian. Alphamiricon. (Underwhich, 1987)

Troendle, Yves. The Swallow’s Testicle. (Nietzsche’s Brolly, 1987)

1988

bissett, bill. What we have. (Talonbooks, 1988)

Riddell, John. a/z does it. (Nightwood, 1988)

Zend, Robert. Versek, Képversek. (Magyar Muhely, 1988)

1989

bissett, bill. Rezoning. (Vancouver Art Gallery, 1989)

curry, jw, Greg Evason, Daniel f. Bradley, Brian David J(o(h)nston, Shaunt Basmajian and bpNichol. bfp(h)aGe. (Sober Minute, 1989)

Riddell, John. E Clips E. (Underwhich Editions, 1989)

1990

bissett, bill. hard 2 beleev. (Talonbooks, 1990)

Nichol, bp. Art Facts: a book of contexts. (Chax, 1990)

UU, David. High C. (Underwhich Editions, 1990)

1991

curry, jw. Can’t afford no Kodak instamatik instamatik Vol. 2 . (Nietzsche’s Brolly, 1991)

1992

bissett, bill. Inkorrekt thots. (Talonbooks, 1992)

Johnston, Brian David. Mute Syntax. (fingerprinting inkoperated, 1992)

1993

bissett, bill. Th last photo uv th human soul. (Talonbooks, 1993)

Dutton, Paul. The Plastic Typewriter. (Underwhich Editions / Writers Forum, 1993)

Nichol, bp. Truth: a book of fictions (Mercury, 1993)

1994

Dutton, Paul. Partial Additives. (Writers Forum, 1994)

1995

bissett, bill. Th influenza uv logik. (Talonbooks, 1995)

Lefler, Peggy. Beyond the range of standard selected works. (Letters, 1995)

1996

Riddell, John. How to Grow Your Own Lightbulbs. (Mercury, 1996)

1997

bissett, bill. Loving without being vulnrabul. (Talonbooks, 1997)

Wershler-Henry, Darren. Nicholodeon: a book of lowerglyphs. (Coach House Books, 1997)

1998

curry, jw. Objectionable Perspectives. (Outlands, 1998)

Smith, Steven Ross. Ballet of the Speech Organs: Bob Cobbing on Bob Cobbing. (Underwhich, 1998)

1999

Beaulieu, Derek, ed. COURIER: An Anthology of Concrete and Visual Poetry. (housepress, 1999)

bissett, bill. Scars on the seehors. (Talonbooks, 1999)

bissett, bill. ekstaseez uv apricots. (Writers Forum, 1999)

2000

bissett, bill. b leev abul char ak trs. (Talonbooks, 2000)

Cain, Stephen. Alph Bites. (Press at Pilot Bay, 2000)

lopes, damian. Sensory deprivation/dream poetics. (Coach House Books, 2000)

McCaffery, Steve. Seven Pages Missing Vol. 1. (Coach House Books, 2000)

McElroy, Gil. ST. ART: The Visual Poetry of bpNichol. (Confederation Centre Art Gallery, 2000)

2001

bissett, bill. Lunaria (Granary, 2001)

Kubota, Nobuo. Phonic Slices. (Coach House Books, 2001)

Kubota, Nobuo. Deep Text. (Coach House Books, 2001)

Mark, Kelly. Important Instructions for Changing the World. (Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2001)

2002

bissett, bill. Peter among th towring boxes / text bites. (Talonbooks, 2002)

McCaffery, Steve. Seven Pages Missing Vol. 2. (Coach House Books, 2002)

2003

Beaulieu, Derek. with wax. (Coach House Books, 2003)

Morin, Gustave. A Penny Dreadful. (Insomniac, 2003)

2004

bissett, bill. Narrative enigma / rumours uv hurricane. (Talonbooks, 2004)

Nichol, bp. Konfessions of an Elizabethan Fan Dancer. (Coach House Books, 2004)

2005

bissett, bill. Northern wild roses / deth interrupts th dansing. (Talonbooks, 2005)

Mancini, Donato. Ligatures. (New Star, 2005)

2006

Beaulieu, Derek. fractal economies. (Talonbooks, 2006)

Harris, Sharon. Avatar. (Mercury, 2006)

Morin, Gustave. The Etcetera Barbeque. (Bookthug, 2006)

2007

Beaulieu, Derek. Flatland: a romance of many dimensions. (information as material, 2007)

bissett, bill. This is erth, thees ar peepul. (Talonbooks, 2007)

Mancini, Donato. Aethel. (New Star, 2007)

2008

Beaulieu, Derek. Chains. (paper kite, 2008)

Beaulieu, Derek. Local Colour. (ntamo, 2008)

bissett, bill. sublingual. (Talonbooks, 2008)

Smith, Michael V. and David Ellingsen. Bodies of Text. (Bookthug, 2008)

2009

Babineau, Kemeny. After the six O’Clock News. (Bookthug, 2009)

Hryciuk, Marshall. October is Dada month: the complete Nietzsche’s Brolly broadsheets. (Nietzsche’s Brolly, 2009)

2010

Beaulieu, Derek. Silence. (redfoxpress, 2010)

bissett, bill. Time. (Talonbooks, 2010)

Gysin, Brion. Alarme. (Galerie de France, 2010/1977).

Laliberte, Mark. Brickbrickbrick. (Bookthug, 2010)

mcpherson-eckhoff, kevin. Rhapsodomancy. (Coach House Books, 2010)

2011

bissett, bill. Novel. (Talonbooks, 2011)

Ferguson, Jesse. Dirty Semiotics. (Broken Jaw, 2011)

2012

bissett, bill. RUSH: What Fuckan Theory; a study uv language. (bookthug, 2012)

2013

Abel, Jordan. The Place Of Scraps. (Talonbooks, 2013)

Beaulieu, Derek. Kern. (Xexoxial, 2013)

Beaulieu, Derek. Please no more poetry: the poetry of derek beaulieu. (Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2013)

bissett, bill. Hungree Throat. (Talonbooks, 2013)

Riddell, John. Writing Surfaces. (Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2013)

2014

Barwin, Gary. The wild and unfathomable always. (Xexoxial, 2014)

Beaulieu, Derek. kern. (les figues, 2014)

bissett, bill. Th Book. (Talonbooks, 2014)

Mavreas, Billy. Hooch Pop Typos. (Xexoxial, 2014)

2015

Abel, Jordan. Un/inhabited. (Talonbooks, 2015)

Hilder, Jamie, et al. Letters: Michael Morris and Concrete Poetry. (Belkin, 2015)

McCaffery, Steve. Revanches. (Xexoxial, 2015)

Morin, Gustave. Clean Sails. (New Star, 2015)

Nichol, bp. bp: Beginnings. (Bookthug, 2014)

2016

Abel, Jordan. Injun. (Talonbooks, 2016)

Beaulieu, Derek. Ascender/descender. (redfoxpress, 2016)

Broudy, Hart. Embers of babel. (self published, 2016)

Copithorne, Judith. See Lex Ions. (Xexoxial, 2016)

Hajnoczky, Helen. Magyarazni. (Coach House Books, 2016)

Hilder, Jamie. Designed words for a designed world. (McGill-Queens UP, 2016)

2017

Beaulieu, Derek. A, a novel . (Jean Boîte, 2017)

2018

Beaulieu, Derek. Counter/weight. (redfoxpress, 2018)

Morin, Gustave. The Big Tomato. (Xexoxial, 2018)

Schmaltz, Eric. Surfaces. (Invisible, 2018)

Zboya, Eric. Un Coup de Des. (Apple Pie, 2018)

2019

Beaulieu, Derek. Aperture. (Penteract, 2019)

bissett, bill. breth. (Talonbooks, 2019)

2020

Spinosa, Dani. OO: Typewriter poems. (Invisible, 2020)

As a tool here is a series of links to MA theses and PhD dissertations on bpNichol which are publicly available online. This is by no means exhaustive and will be updated as more information comes available. Suggestions of additional links are more than welcome.

1982. Knight, Alan. Word Order / World Order: A Study of the Poetry of bpNichol (MA Thesis, Concordia)

1982. Niechoda, Irene. A Sourcery for Books 1 and 2 of bpNichol’s The Martyrology. (MA Thesis, UBC)

1992. Lacusta, Arlene. BOOK 6 BOOKS: ON BECOMING IN AN INCHOATE WOR(L)D. (MA Thesis, Simon Fraser University)

2009. Borkent, Michael. Cognition and the concrete poetry of bpNichol : towards a cohesive methodology. (MA Thesis, UBC)

2012. Androsova, Natalya. The Feminine, The Poetic, And The Sacred In BPNichol’s The Martyrology And Journal. (MA Thesis, Ryerson)

2013. Wooler, Katherine. Communication Codes and Critical Editing: Recognizing Materiality in the Work of bpNichol. (MA Thesis, Dalhousie University)

2014. McEwan. Andrew. Poetic Play Communities: bpNichol’s Fraggle Rock Screenplays. (MA Thesis, UBC)

2016. Desjarlais, Jeremy Michael. “all alongingly the way”: Ontology and Longing in bpNichol’s The Martyrology (MA Thesis, University of Regina)

2017. Whittaker, Sam. Language, Thought, and bpNichol’s The Martyrology: Whorfian, Feminist, and Marxist Readings (MA Thesis, University of Windsor)

2018. Schmaltz, Eric. THE LANGUAGE REVOLUTION:BORDERBLUR POETICS IN CANADA, 1963-1988 (PhD Dissertation, York University)

download a free PDF of my 2006 volume fractal economies (Vancouver: talonbooks, 2006) – my first collection of concrete poetry, including the essay “as afterward after words: note towards a concrete poetics” which theorizes a poetics of dirty concrete. Physical copies remain in print and available for order direct from the publisher (it would be lovely if you ordered one…)

In fractal economies, derek beaulieu pushes the limits of poetry and poetics by grinding language through the mill of photocopiers, found material, collage, printmaking, frottage and Letraset—creating a new language for the genre. These “fractal economies,” or series of increasingly complex replications of forms through the repeated application of a fixed set of rules, challenge the status quo of poetry and of the politics of language itself, which is, with respect to any human script yet deciphered, capitalist in its very origin. Letters are freed from their “normal” behaviour, machines are let loose to create on their own and the borders between poetry and artwork are blurred. In an intriguing and well-argued afterword, beaulieu also theorizes ways that concrete poetry—poetry that deals with language in a physical, material way—can move forward into the twenty-first century beyond the limitations of the page, the author and even the poem itself.

“VENT: 8 Abominations for Derek Beaulieu” — CDN Warren beautifully remixes work from my APERTURE (published by Penteract Press). The full series here can be found on Warren’s website

SEVENTEEN SMALL EVENTS, new from No press!

This series of leaflets, gathered together in a paper band, features poetry and fiction by Samuel Andreyev, Gary Barwin, Charles Bernstein & Ted Greenwald, Amaranth Borsuk & Terri Witek, Paul Dutton, Craig Dworkin, Peter Jaeger, Monica Kidd, Daniel Levin Becker, Donato Mancini, Nick Montfort, Eric Schmaltz, Kate Siklosi, Natalie Simpson, Philip Terry, Aaron Tucker, and Suzanne Zelazo.

Produced in an edition of 100 copies, all of which are free; this is a gift to a community of readers and writers — physically distancing but still finding solace and support in writing and sharing.

To order a copy please email derek beaulieu at derek@housepress.ca

The Blasted Tree has just announced a breif visual poem of mine as the winner of their fifth flash haiku contest, held on social media earlier this week,! They have published the haiku into 2.5″ x 2.5″ mini-leaflets in a limited run of 60 copies. Copies are available for order

Watch as I read bpnichol’s “the long weekend of Louis Riel” (from NIGHTS ON PROSE MOUNTAIN, published by Coach House Books) in the snows of Banff…

I was honoured to read from recent work, and be interviewed on stage by Nasser Hussain, at Sheffield Hallum University’s Performance Lab (Sheffield, UK) on Feb 27, 2020 as part of Poetic Futures: Genres, Concepts, Creativity.

Click here to listen to an audio recording of the event (courtesy Phil Davenport), where, in addition to the interview, i also read from my chapbook Extispicium, bpNichol’s “a small song that is his” and excerpts from Nichol’s Nights on Prose Mountain

original (letraset on paper) and variations (photocopy manipulation)

AI poems by Pratim Sengupta and I: “asterisk ampersand asterisk: the poetry of the Centennial Planetarium” was unveiled this evening as part Planetary, the premiere exhibition at now at Contemporary Calgary…

more on the exhibition :
Worlds collide: 36 local artists contemplate the Earth and cosmos for first exhibit at Contemporary Calgary.” Calgary Herald. Jan 23, 2020.

Contemporary Calgary Launches Inaugural Season.” Avenue. Jan 22, 2020.

Contemporary Calgary art gallery debuts in former Centennial Planetarium building.” CTV News. Jan 27, 2020.